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  • What is the European Social Fund
    ​The European Social Fund (ESF) is the European Union’s main financial instrument for supporting and promoting employment opportunities as well as the geographical and occupational mobility of workers. It promotes the adaptation to the industrial changes.
    The European Social Fund was established in 1957 in the Treaty of Rome and it is one of the Structural Funds, through which the EU pursues its own “Regional Policy” to achieve the important aim concerning the economic and social cohesion between the Regions of the Member States.
    This goal can be achieved through financial projects which support the actions of each Country aimed at reducing the gap between the different development levels of the various European Regions.
    Nowadays the ESF enables the Member States to establish active Policies of the labour market in favour of each social class.
    This Fund supports the employers through funding of actions which meet the needs of flexibility which could guarantee, through strategies of continous training, the flexibility and the adjustment to the changes of the labour market, also the employment security and the income.
    Furthermore, the ESF supports the weakest classes of citizens, which are actually or potentially excluded from the society, such as women, the young people, the people over 50, the immigrants and the disabled people.
    For the Programme 2007-2013, the Regions and the Member States of EU have a total budget of 75 billion euros in order to reach the expected objectives. Italy has 7 billion euros.
    The ESF is one of the Structural Funds for the period 2007 – 2013. The goal of the ESF and the Fund ERDF (the European Regional Development Fund) is to reduce the economic and social lack of balance between the Countries and the EU Regions.
     Please visit the FSE website of the European Commission for any further information.