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  • The ESF in Italy
    ​The aim of the European Social Fund (ESF) is to achieve two objectives established at EU level.
     
    • Convergence, for promoting employment and creating new jobs in Regions whose development is lagging.
      It covers all EU Regions with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of less than 75% of the European average. In Italy the Regions such as Basilicata (as a transitional measure), Calabria, Campania, Puglia and Sicily come under this objective.
    • Regional competitiveness and employment, to foster the dynamism of the economic fabric.
      It covers all the EU Regions which are not involved in the convergence objective. In Italy, Abruzzo, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Molise,  Piedmont,  Tuscany, Valle d’Aosta, Veneto and Sardinia and the autonomous Provinces of Bolzano and Trento come under this objective. 

    In Italy, the ESF is funding 16 Operational Programmes of the Regions and of the autonomous Provinces of  the Objective 2 – Regional Competitiveness and Employment – and 5 Operational Programmes of the Objective 1 Convergence. These Programmes offer a wide range of opportunities, through measures for the qualification of Human Capital and for an easier integration into the labour market (e.g. training actions, job orientation, support to labour services and women employment, interventions for disadvantaged people and active ageing).

    Beyond the Regional Operational Programme (ROP), there are also 3 National Operating Programmes (NOP).
    The Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, the managing authority for the ESF in Italy manages:
     
    • NOP System Actions, Convergence – Objective

    • NOP Governance and System Actions, Regional Competitiveness and Employment - Objective
     
    The above mentioned NOP systems meet the need to create a unitary intervention in training policies, in employment and inclusion, in collaboration with the activities of the ROP.
    The Ministery of Education, University and Research manages the NOP - "Skills for the development" that supports the innovation of the education and of the training systems, to achieve a wider participation in education and training and improve its quality, and to promote the administrative efficiency of the Education System.